You will be asked to provide hazard classes for each material. Many materials will have multiple hazards.
The HMIS will contain many sections.
SECTION 1 Facility Name or Company Name: Name of business that will be storing or handling hazardous materials. Date: Date the form is filled out. Address: Complete address of business storing and handling hazardous materials. Plan Reviewer: Do not fill this out.
SECTION 2 Hazardous Materials Class: Hazardous materials are divided into categories; health hazards or physical hazards (see page 3 for descriptions). A product may be considered a hazardous material in one or more categories. Each product must be identified under each applicable category. Therefore, a material that has a primary classification as a physical hazard may also present a health hazard. Definitions (that will assist in proper classification) for some materials are found on pages (3) through (7) of this information guide.
SECTION 3 Chemical Name: (Common or Trade Name): The chemical name (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry-IUPAC) should be used. Common or trade name is acceptable with the appropriate health and physical data
SECTION 4 The Physical state of the product should be identified as a solid, liquid, or gas. Each product should be quantified according to physical state, i.e. pounds (lbs), cubic feet (cu ft) and U.S. gallons (gal). Consider maximum amounts that may be stored or handled at one time.
SECTION 5 Sub Class: Refer to the Descriptions and Definitions section for specific subclassifications of each hazard category.
SECTION 6 Storage: Each method of storage should be indicated and quantified. Storage methods include: box, container, bag, bulk, tank, and pressure container of greater than 15 psi.
SECTION 7 Standard system for the Identification of the Hazards of Materials for Emergency Response, NFPA 704: This system is intended to provide basic information to emergency responders, enabling them to make decisions regarding evacuation, approach, control, and mitigation. This system identifies the hazards of a material in terms of three parameters: Health, Flammability, and Reactivity. Within each parameter the degree of severity is indicated by a numerical value, ranging from 0 (no hazard) to 4 (severe hazard). The fourth space is reserved for special hazard information, i.e., water reactive, oxidizer, radiation hazard, etc. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) very often have these classifications listed on the product and can be easily transferred to the HMIS form.
SECTION 8 Total: Add up the total amount and fill in at the bottom of each column.
The HMIS will provide important chemical and emergency response information to regulators, first responders, and the public with respect to community-right-to-know laws and emergency response preparedness. In contrast to the HMBP requirements, the following additional items are pertinent to HMMP/HMIS:
It is intended to fulfill the requirements of the following regulations:
For purposes of this document hazardous materials is defined as any item or agent (biological, chemical, or radiological), which has the potential to cause harm to humans, animals, or the environment, either by itself or through interaction with other factors.
Hazardous materials are defined and regulated in the United States primarily by laws and regulations administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Each has its own definition of a “hazardous material.”
OSHA’s definition includes any substance or chemical which is a “health hazard” or “physical hazard,” including: chemicals which are carcinogens, toxic agents, irritants, corrosives, sensitizers; agents which act on the hematopoietic system; agents which damage the lungs, skin, eyes, or mucous membranes; chemicals which are combustible, explosive, flammable, oxidizers, pyrophorics, unstable-reactive or water-reactive; and chemicals which in the course of normal handling, use, or storage may produce or release dusts, gases, fumes, vapors, mists or smoke which may have any of the previously mentioned characteristics. (Full definitions can be found at 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1910.1200.)
EPA incorporates the OSHA definition and adds any item or chemical which can cause harm to people, plants, or animals when released by spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping or disposing into the environment. (40 CFR 355 contains a list of over 350 hazardous and extremely hazardous substances.)
DOT defines a hazardous material as any item or chemical which, when being transported or moved in commerce, is a risk to public safety or the environment, and is regulated as such under its Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration regulations (49 CFR 100-199), which includes the Hazardous Materials Regulations (49 CFR 171-180). In addition, hazardous materials in transport are regulated by the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code; Dangerous Goods Regulations of the International Air Transport Association; Technical Instructions of the International Civil Aviation Organization; and U.S. Air Force Joint Manual, Preparing Hazardous Materials for Military Air Shipments.
The NRC regulates materials that are considered hazardous because they produce ionizing radiation, which means those materials that produce alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, x-rays, neutrons, high-speed electrons, high-speed protons, and other particles capable of producing ions. This includes “special nuclear material,” by-product material, and radioactive substances. (See 10 CFR 20).